Demand for edible oil is increasing day by day in the country. The cost of import is increasing. A researcher from Shrebangla Agricultural University (SCRB) has brought a new oil crop ‘Golden Perilla‘ into the country to reduce import dependence and increase the yield of quality edible oils. The research team has been able to adapt Parella to local weather after a long study. Meanwhile, the National Seed Board has registered a new breed called Sao Perila-1 (Golden Perilla BD).
Perilla is a crop of Lemiaceae (Mint crop) family. It is cultivated in Southeast Asia, South Korea, Japan, China, Nepal, Vietnam and some parts of India. Of the five varieties of perila, the professor of agricultural science of Korean perila in Bangladesh. Agriculture Officer Mohammad Abdul Qayyum Majumder conducted the study under the supervision of HM Tariq Hossain. As associate researcher was Professor of Horticulture Department Dr. Jamal Uddin.
Head of the research team Dr. Tariq Hossain said, “I started doing a small amount of research on Parella in Sakrabi on the 21st. I have planted Perila at different times of the year to see which is better. Qayyum Mazumder resumed research on Perilla under my supervision.
After two years of research on suitable cultivation time, low cost oil extraction, oil quality, we have success. Associate researcher Professor Dr. Jamal Uddin said Bangladesh needs to import around 15,00,000 metric tons of edible oil every year, with a market value of about US $ 200 million. The study is aimed at reducing import dependence.
Dr. about the quality of Perilla. Tariq Hossain said perila is a very useful edible oil. It contains 50-65 percent omega-3 fatty acids, which is very useful for the heart. 91 percent of total fat is unsaturated. It increases immunity, regulates high blood pressure, diabetes. This is extremely useful for the eyes.
Regarding the cultivation method, Abdul Qayyum Majumder said that the crop is suitable for cultivating it from mid-July to October. First it takes four weeks to make the seedlings. Seeds can be harvested within 70-75 days after planting. As a result, multiple crops can be cultivated on the same land throughout the year. Farming costs much less. Separate irrigation is not required since the Kharif-2 season is cultivated. However, if there is no continuous rainfall, it is only after irrigation after 10-15 days. Yields of about one and a half tonnes per hectare. Its leaves and flowers provide organic fertilizer to the soil.
“We have been able to extract about 40-42 percent of the oil from the perilla seed through domestic machinery (Ghani) in the remote areas,” he added. As a result, farmers can easily extract oil from the seeds. It will not require any additional investment from the local businessmen or the government. My National Science and Technology Fellowship means that I spent this research.
About the disease. Tariq Hossain said the extent of the disease is very low. We did not get any disease. Occasionally some caterpillars (puppies) were observed. No more attacks after spraying the pesticide. Perilla is grown on all types of soil. Salinity can also withstand. If all the leaves turn yellow then the seeds need to be collected. During this time the capsule (seed coating) is green.
Dr. about future plans. Tariq Hossain told my news that we want to spread this crop across the country. With the help of the government, we can further our research. There is immense potential for commercials. Spreading it at the peasant level will revolutionize edible oil.